The exact structure of a homogenizer depends on its model. In this article we will examine the overall structure of a homogenizer.
An industrial homogenizer consists of a frame, a crankshaft and connecting rod assembly, a plunger and a homogenizing and manometric head. Also, it includes lubrication and cooling systems, a safety valve and a drive motor.
The crank and connecting rod assembly is necessary to convert the rotary motion of the motor shaft into the reciprocating motion of the plungers. The crankshaft and connecting rod assembly consists of:
- Bearing caps;
- Rods with covers and liners;
- Slide blocks;
- Cylinder block
- Housing cover;
- The driven wheel.
The force-feed lubrication system consists of mesh filter, oil pump, distribution boxes, safety valve and pressure gauge.
The plunger is attached to the body of the crankshaft and connecting-rod transmission and is designed to suck the treated product from the flow line and inject it into the homogenising head.
The safety valve is set for the maximum pressure by rotation of the adjusting screw.
The steel frame is mounted on four supports. The casing protects the items from damage and also gives the desired product form.
The product is supplied by the pump to the plunger. Then it enters under pressure to the homogenising head and passes at high speed through the circular clearance, where dispersion occurs.